August 4, 2021

SBM Holdings Ltd (SBMH.mu) Q32016 Interim Report

first_imgSBM Holdings Ltd (SBMH.mu) listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius under the Banking sector has released it’s 2016 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about SBM Holdings Ltd (SBMH.mu) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the SBM Holdings Ltd (SBMH.mu) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: SBM Holdings Ltd (SBMH.mu)  2016 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileSBM Holdings Limited is licenced as a commercial bank by the Bank of Mauritius and provides personal banking products and services, including savings accounts and term deposits; home, personal, educational loans, auto lease for cars and prepaid, debit, and credit cards. The bank also provides corporate and institutional banking products and services comprising working capital finance and project finance, as well as finance for the acquisition and installation of energy efficient and renewable energy equipment. SBM Holdings Limited together with its subsidiary businesses in Kenya, Mauritius, Madagascar and India, is known as SBM Group. SBM Holdings Limited is listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius.last_img read more

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With Diocese of Eau Claire at a crossroads, Wisconsin’s three…

first_img Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Rector Hopkinsville, KY Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 By David PaulsenPosted Mar 16, 2021 Submit an Event Listing Youth Minister Lorton, VA Press Release Service Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Submit a Press Release Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Rector Albany, NY Rector Washington, DC Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Rector Belleville, IL Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Submit a Job Listing An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Curate Diocese of Nebraska Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Rector Shreveport, LA Rector Knoxville, TN Christ Church Cathedral in Eau Claire, Wisconsin, is one of only two congregations in the Diocese of Eau Claire that averages more than 80 worshippers on Sundays. Photo: Christ Church Cathedral, via Facebook[Episcopal News Service] Wisconsin has three Episcopal dioceses but, as of Jan. 1, only one active, full-time bishop. On a cold morning in late January, that bishop was working from a hotel in the small, northwestern city of Eau Claire.“Presumably, once it feels safer with COVID, I’ll be over here with some regularity,” the Rt. Rev. Matthew Gunter, bishop of Fond du Lac, told Episcopal News Service by phone from his hotel room. Gunter, hoping to get “a better sense of people here,” was in the middle of a weeklong introductory tour of the Diocese of Eau Claire, which had elected him in November as provisional bishop for two years. He planned later that day to visit clergy and lay leaders at Episcopal congregations in Owen, Conrath and Lugerville.This year, the Episcopal Church in Wisconsin is in a time of transition after back-to-back bishop retirements. The Rt. Rev. William Jay Lambert retired in November as Eau Claire’s part-time bishop, followed a month later by Bishop Steven Miller, who retired after 17 years leading the Diocese of Milwaukee. Gunter, Fond du Lac’s bishop since 2014, took over for Lambert on Jan. 1, and for the first six weeks of this year, he also served as Milwaukee’s assisting bishop. The Diocese of Milwaukee, which includes six of the state’s 10 largest cities, is preparing to welcome the Rt. Rev. Jeffrey Lee on April 1 for a two-year stint as part-time provisional bishop.Today’s diocesan boundaries roughly divide the state of Wisconsin into thirds, with the Diocese of Milwaukee encompassing the major population centers in the south. Map: Diocese of Fond du Lac ArchivesThe dioceses of Fond du Lac, Eau Claire and Milwaukee share historical roots in the Diocese of Wisconsin, created in 1847, a year before Wisconsin became a state. Over the next 80 years, the original statewide diocese divided into three as Wisconsin’s population increased. Today, about 6 million people live in the state, though church membership is steadily declining in all three dioceses – down overall by nearly a third in the past decade.The less-populated northern dioceses of Eau Claire and Fond du Lac nearly merged in 2011, but that plan ultimately was defeated in a close vote by the Fond du Lac diocesan convention. Now 10 years later, leaders from all three Wisconsin dioceses told ENS they are open to greater collaboration, whether experimenting together or following existing Episcopal partnership models. The dioceses of Northwestern Pennsylvania and Western New York, for example, agreed in October 2018 to share a bishop and seek other ways of combining administrative functions and pursuing joint ministries over five years. The dioceses of Eastern and Western Michigan formalized a similar partnership in October 2019.Eau Claire, with about 1,200 baptized members, and Fond du Lac, around 3,900, are two of The Episcopal Church’s smallest dioceses. Milwaukee is larger, with about 7,800 members. Even if Wisconsin were still all one diocese, it would have fewer Episcopalians than each of the 47 largest Episcopal dioceses.“There were historical reasons why those dioceses were formed. Whether or not in the 21st century, given changing realities and numbers, it makes sense to continue [as three dioceses] is a different question,” Gunter said, but at this point, he isn’t advocating any particular path for the Wisconsin dioceses.Eau Claire’s diocesan leaders had reached out to Gunter last year about the possibility of serving as provisional bishop. By the time of his election, Gunter and the two dioceses had worked out an arrangement in which Gunter would spend a third of his time serving Eau Claire over the two-year period, with Eau Claire reimbursing Fond du Lac that portion of his salary.As bishop provisional, Gunter will assist the Diocese of Eau Claire in developing a “common vision” for its future and “discerning best models and practices for continuing its mission-focused strategies of ministry,” both within the diocese and across the state, according to the diocese’s written agreement with the bishop. Gunter arrives in Eau Claire amid a multiyear diocesan discernment process that was slowed by the coronavirus pandemic.Bishop Matthew Gunter has led the Diocese of Fond du Lac since 2014. He was elected provisional bishop of the Diocese of Eau Claire in November 2020. Photo: Diocese of Fond du Lac“Typically, at the beginning of any transition, you’re just trying to get your bearings,” Gunter told ENS. “I think it would be safe to say that there is a moment here for the dioceses of Wisconsin to do some thinking about who we are and who we want to be and how we want to be in relationship with each other.”Today, Wisconsin’s diocesan boundaries roughly divide the state into thirds. The Diocese of Milwaukee occupies the more populous southern third and includes the diocese’s namesake, with about 600,000 residents. It also includes the state’s capital, Madison, as well as a diverse mix of smaller suburban and rural communities.The Diocese of Fond du Lac in the northeastern third of the state includes Green Bay; several smaller cities clustered around Lake Winnebago; and part of the sparsely populated Northwoods region, a popular outdoor seasonal tourism destination. The population of the northwestern third of the state sparer still. The Diocese of Eau Claire spans forest and farmland from the Mississippi River to Lake Superior, including only three cities with more than 20,000 residents.More so than the other two dioceses, Eau Claire finds itself at a crossroads. Most of its 19 congregations count fewer than 60 members. All but two congregations in the diocese average fewer than 80 worshippers on a Sunday. Priests often serve multiple congregations, as does the Rev. Aaron Zook, priest-in-charge at churches in Chippewa Falls and Lafayette. He also is the diocese’s canon to the ordinary.Many hats. “That’s kind of the way we do it in the Diocese of Eau Claire,” Zook told ENS.Yet even at small congregations, longtime parishioners remain active and engaged with their churches, Zook said. “We’re retaining active ministries [in communities] that otherwise would not have anything at all, that wouldn’t have resources for that,” he said.Small dioceses still can remain viable if they maintain their “capacity to proclaim the Gospel,” said Bishop Todd Ousley, who leads The Episcopal Church’s Office of Pastoral Development and assists dioceses with bishop searches. In some scenarios, a larger, well-resourced diocese may not match the mission vitality of a small diocese, he told ENS.“The question on viability is really about how mission-focused are you, rather than how much money do you have in the bank,” Ousley said. He sees Eau Claire as “a great example for the church on how you can shift models and explore and, in the process, discover who you are and what God is calling you to be about.”Bishop Jackson Kemper was consecrated as missionary bishop of the Northwest in 1835 and later served as bishop of Wisconsin until his death in 1870. Photo: Library of CongressWisconsin’s three dioceses trace their lineage to Bishop Jackson Kemper, a supporter of the high church Oxford Movement, who was consecrated in 1835 as missionary bishop of the Northwest. He founded the Nashotah House Theological Seminary, in the countryside between Milwaukee and Madison, and later led the Diocese of Wisconsin until his death in 1870.In the two decades after becoming a state in 1848, Wisconsin saw its population more than triple to 1 million, and the number of parishes in the northeastern part of the state grew from three to 27, according to a history of the church in Wisconsin. In 1874, The Episcopal Church’s General Convention approved the creation of the Diocese of Fond du Lac, and the new diocese held its organizing convention in January 1875. The remaining Diocese of Wisconsin changed its name to the Diocese of Milwaukee in 1886.Initially, the dioceses of Milwaukee and Fond du Lac both extended into the northwestern corner of the state. In 1928, General Convention backed the creation of the Diocese of Eau Claire, which was carved from the northwestern-most parts of the other two dioceses. The state’s geographical breadth made it “physically impossible” under the previous diocesan structure to serve the “steadily growing” northwest region, according to that year’s General Convention journal.To Wisconsin’s west, the Diocese of Minnesota had been facing similar challenges ministering to a far-flung and growing population. In 1895, General Convention approved a separate missionary district in Minnesota’s booming northern mining region, and the northern region soon became the Diocese of Duluth. But Great Depression-era decline and depopulation forced Duluth to reunify in 1944 with its southern neighbor. Today, the statewide Diocese of Minnesota counts about 17,600 baptized members.Wisconsin began as one diocese, until the new Diocese of Fond du Lac formed in 1875. The two dioceses’ historical boundaries are shown. Map: Diocese of Fond du Lac ArchivesWisconsin has maintained its three dioceses, but in 2008, the Diocese of Eau Claire reported “a serious budget shortfall and shortage of cash.” Eau Claire managed to offset its deficit only by an unexpected vacancy: Bishop Keith Whitmore resigned that year to become assisting bishop in the Diocese of Atlanta. It was the last time Eau Claire had a full-time diocesan bishop.Diocesan leaders, while studying a range of alternatives, began talking with Fond du Lac leaders about the possibility of a merger through a process known in The Episcopal Church’s Canons as “junction,” but in June 2009, the two dioceses released a statement calling talk of junction “premature.”Over the next two years, however, talks between the two dioceses resumed and gathered steam. In October 2011, Fond du Lac’s convention and Eau Claire’s convention each appeared to approve a plan to ask The Episcopal Church’s General Convention for a junction of the two dioceses. In Fond du Lac, however, the votes had been nearly evenly split for and against the plan, and a recount revealed it had been defeated by two votes in the lay order, despite winning the backing of the clergy order.Lambert, consecrated in March 2013, was willing to serve as a part-time bishop, sparing Eau Claire the cost of a full-time salary. During his tenure, the diocese reduced its apportionment rate, which determines the amount congregations give to the diocesan budget, and it tightened diocesan expenses.As Lambert approached the episcopate’s mandatory retirement age, he and diocesan leaders began considering the Diocese of Eau Claire’s next phase. In 2019, they formed a Transition Committee, which surveyed clergy and parishioners and researched the diocesan partnership models in Northwestern Pennsylvania and Western New York and in Eastern and Western Michigan. The committee’s final report in October 2019 suggested four options: recruit a new part-time bishop to replace Lambert; partner with another diocese while remaining independent; partner with another diocese as a step toward “closer organizational affiliation”; or continue the discernment process without yet committing to one of the other options.The diocese chose the last option, and Gunter agreed to help with discernment, though that process has been slowed by the pandemic, Zook said.The pandemic also disrupted the bishop search in the Diocese of Milwaukee. Rather than call a new diocesan bishop to take over when Miller retired at the end of 2020, the Standing Committee decided to postpone the search, instead calling Lee as provisional bishop to help the diocese discern its own next steps. Lee retired at the end of 2020 as bishop of the neighboring Diocese of Chicago in Illinois.“One of the areas we’ve asked him to look into and work on is our relationship and connection with [the] other two Episcopal dioceses in the state,” the Rev. Scott Leannah, president of Milwaukee’s Standing Committee, told ENS by email.Gunter spent 18 years as a parish priest in the Diocese of Chicago, serving under Lee for part of that time. He expects the two bishops will keep in conversation as Wisconsin’s three dioceses plan for the future. Even if the shape and leadership of the dioceses end up looking much like they have in the past, “there’s no reason why we ought not to be finding ways to coordinate and collaborate and share some of the ministries that we do,” Gunter said.“I think the bottom-line question going forward is, what is going to enable the church to be about the Gospel and its mission?” he said. “How in the state of Wisconsin, in the several dioceses, can we most efficiently and effectively be about bearing witness to what God has done and is doing in Jesus Christ?”– David Paulsen is an editor and reporter for Episcopal News Service. He can be reached at [email protected] Featured Events Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Rector Smithfield, NC Featured Jobs & Calls Rector Martinsville, VA Rector Collierville, TN Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Rector Pittsburgh, PA Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Director of Music Morristown, NJ Rector Tampa, FL Rector Bath, NC Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Associate Rector Columbus, GA Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA With Diocese of Eau Claire at a crossroads, Wisconsin’s three dioceses eye greater collaboration Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem last_img read more

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House SP / Rodrigo Valenzuela Jerez

first_imgPhotographs:  Macarena Alvarez Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project “COPY” Save this picture!© Macarena Alvarez+ 39Curated by Clara Ott Share House SP / Rodrigo Valenzuela JerezSave this projectSaveHouse SP / Rodrigo Valenzuela Jerez House SP / Rodrigo Valenzuela Jerez Projects ArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/952651/house-sp-e-studioro Clipboard Area:  1291 ft² Year Completion year of this architecture project Architects: Rodrigo Valenzuela Jerez Area Area of this architecture project CopyHouses•Tunquen, Chilecenter_img Chile 2019 Houses Manufacturers: AraucoSave this picture!© Macarena AlvarezRecommended ProductsGlassLAMILUXGlass Roof PR60 PassivhausWoodGustafsWood Veneered Wall & Ceiling PanelsWindowsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Casement Windows – Rabel 8400 Slim Super Thermal PlusWindowsSky-FrameRetractable Insect Screen – Sky-Frame FlyThe brief. My friends Mr. S and Ms. P wanted a cheap, easy to build a beach house with a triangular-shaped roof.Save this picture!© Macarena AlvarezSave this picture!IsometricSave this picture!© Macarena AlvarezTheir idea was to spend weekends and vacations there, with an intent to possibly move there at some point in the future. They liked the idea to invite family and friends to stay over and who knows, maybe one day they would have kids and it would certainly be nice for them to bring their friends to play at the weekend. They didn’t know what would happen in the future, but then, who does? We started designing the house and suddenly the family grew.Save this picture!© Macarena AlvarezSave this picture!Lower floor planSave this picture!© Macarena AlvarezWas it cheap? The house was relatively cheap for Chilean building standards. Yet, of course not as cheap as the owners would have hoped. The construction cost was approximately 950 USD/sqm.Save this picture!© Macarena AlvarezIt was as usual necessary to negotiate between technical quality, general comfort, and costs. Thus, the project for us was mostly about constantly assessing how to achieve a construction that is different from ordinary vernacular but with resources typical of it. For each element, the question arises, and for each question, we were eventually challenged to find a way to decide.Save this picture!© Macarena AlvarezWas it easy to build? Despite (or precisely because of?) the house’s rather simple appearance, the construction process had a few challenges. The team (owners/contractor/architect) were constantly reviewing the original design and discussing adjustments that could ease the construction process and/or the future house’s maintenance.Save this picture!© Macarena AlvarezA timber structure supports the house from the outside. Standard materials were used as the envelope: painted fiber concrete, aluminum windows frame, and an asphalt membrane on the roof. However, there was a particular concern with the installation of a continuous layer of insulation around the house for thermal comfort. The interior is mostly cladded in knotless pinewood, drywalls are used in the smaller rooms, and porcelain tiles in bathrooms. A 40 cm level is marked changing the direction of timber battens throughout the house.Save this picture!© Macarena AlvarezSave this picture!East elevationSave this picture!© Macarena AlvarezAnd what about the Triangular Shaped Roof? That was the easy part, however, the owners also wanted to avoid structural elements in the interior space for maximum freedom. To achieve this, we added a couple of exterior cantilevered beams over both long façades. On top of that, the beams function as eaves and also establish the house’s form.Save this picture!© Macarena AlvarezSpaces & sizes, not programs. The overall configuration of the house is made up of a large open floor plan split by two interior modules placed perpendicularly. Each module has a small room and a bathroom inside and produces an upper loft area above it. The house can be simply read as two large spaces, two small spaces, two upper loft areas, and two bathrooms that allow for a number of potential uses. This is the way in which the design responded to the initial indeterminacy of the program – futureproofing the building?Save this picture!© Macarena AlvarezIf they want, they could set up a huge bedroom and include the other rooms as a walk-in closet + en-suite bathroom. They could sleep in a small room and use the larger room as a home office, a library, or a children’s playroom. They could also place the home-office (if they want to have one) at one of the upper loft areas. Leave the other loft area as a guest room… etc.The hypothesis is that programs are primarily defined by objects, hence just by moving furniture and appliances, they will be able to reprogram the different spaces.Save this picture!© Macarena AlvarezThe end – Analytically. My participation in the project probably made the house a little more expensive and a little more difficult to build. In exchange, I contributed to the realization of a house open to future changes in the program. A fair exchange?Optimistically. Finally, they got a beach house at a reasonable price, and with the triangular roof, they had in mind from day one. Their daughter was born before the house was finished, so we decided to remove both stairs’ first step and leave the upper loft areas out of her reach. They can now work on their garden and let their lives take over the house.Save this picture!© Macarena AlvarezProject gallerySee allShow lessA New Web-Based Archive Provides Navigable 3D Models and Drawings of Selected ProjectsArchitecture NewsPowerhouse, Mecanoo and SHoP Join Design Team Reimagining Rotterdam’s RijnhavenArchitecture News Share Year:  Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/952651/house-sp-e-studioro Clipboard “COPY” CopyAbout this officeRodrigo Valenzuela JerezOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesOn InstagramOn FacebookChilePublished on December 07, 2020Cite: “House SP / Rodrigo Valenzuela Jerez” [Casa SP / Rodrigo Valenzuela Jerez] 07 Dec 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – LogisVinyl Walls3MExterior Vinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ StonePartitionsSkyfoldWhere to Increase Flexibility in SchoolsTiles / Mosaic / GresiteCupa PizarrasVentilated Facade – CUPACLAD UprightGlassLAMILUXGlass Roof PR60ConcreteKrytonCrystalline Waterproofing – KIMSkylightsVELUX CommercialAtrium Longlight Skylights in ExperimentariumMetal PanelsLorin IndustriesAnodized Aluminum – Copper FinishesStonesFranken-SchotterWall Covering & CladdingWindowsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Casement Windows – Rabel 8400 Slim Super Thermal PlusSwingsStudio StirlingHanging Chair – BasketWallcovering / CladdingArrigoni WoodsWood Cladding – AcousticMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?多功能 SP住宅,不确定的空间 / Rodrigo Valenzuela Jerez是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

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“One hundred days of solitude”

first_img RSF and Fundamedios welcome US asylum ruling in favor of Cuban journalist Serafin Moran Santiago Organisation Cuba and its Decree Law 370: annihilating freedom of expression on the Internet October 15, 2020 Find out more RSF_en Receive email alerts On 18 March, a hundred days ago today, the Cuban government began an unprecedented round-up of dissidents. A total of 75 were arrested and then tried and sentenced to prison terms of up to 28 years. They included 26 independent journalists who joined the four journalists already imprisoned in Cuba. This has made Cuba the world’s biggest prison for members of the press.The sanctions against these journalists who challenged the state’s monopoly of news reporting did not just consist of long jail terms. They have also been transferred to prisons hundreds of kilometres from their homes, their right to family visits has been restricted, and they have been subjected to especially poor conditions of detention. They have a special page on the Reporters Without Borders website, www.rsf.org.Nine of the 26 newly-detained journalists were the editors of news agencies. Does this mean that the independent press is now headless? No, but the pressure on those who were not arrested is so strong that two recently-launched independent magazines have not survived.To mark the 100th day since this round-up, Reporters Without Borders announces the launch of an awareness campaign targeted at French tourists going to Cuba this summer.To complete the picture of press freedom violations in Cuba, Reporters Without Borders is releasing the findings of investigations into the working conditions for foreign correspondents in Havana (see the report) and for the Catholic press (see the report), the only privately-owned press tolerated by the government.One hundred days of solitude (chronology)The government began its nationwide round-up of dissidents on 18 March, 100 days ago today. Eleven independent journalists were arrested that day. Fifteen others were detained in the course of the next six days. In many cases, their homes were subjected to searches lasting up to 10 hours. Police confiscated equipment (fax machines, computers, typewriters, tape-recorders), files and notes.Held in the different centres of the state security department (the political police), including Villa Marista, its headquarters in Havana, the journalists were accused of “endangering the state’s integrity and sovereignty” or its “independence.”The trials that took place from 3 to 5 April had all the elements of those held under Stalin: closed-door hearings, summary justice, denial of the right of defence, testimony by undercover agents, depositions by neighbours, cases that had been put together over a period of months, and cases in which the defendants were accused solely of crimes of opinion. The verdicts against the 75 dissidents were issued on 7 April. The sentences passed on the 26 journalists ranged from 14 to 27 years in prison.But the punishment did not stop there. They were transferred to prisons hundreds of kilometres from their homes at the end of April. Victor Rolando Arroyo Carmona, for example, was sent to Guantánamo prison, more than 1,000 km from his home in Pinar del Río. Their families regard this as an additional sentence especially in view of the transport problems in Cuba. What’s more, visits have been limited to once every three months instead of once every three weeks as the regulations stipulate. Some wives were even told on arriving at their husband’s prison that their visit had been postponed at the last moment or that their husband had been transferred.Prison conditions have been another form of punishment. Most are being held in solitary confinement. At least six are reportedly ill. They include Oscar Espinosa Chepe, who has serious liver problems and gastro-intestinal bleeding. After energetic international protests, he was moved from Guantánamo prison to a hospital in Santiago de Cuba. But a niece who is a doctor said the necessary tests have not been conducted and she thinks that, in his present condition, a return to prison would put his life in danger.Pressure has also been put on families. The wives of several detained dissidents, including journalists, have been threatened with arrest if they continue to hold peaceful protest marches dressed in white after mass at Santa Rita church.Finally, the courts on 3 June began begun issuing rulings on the appeals that were lodged against the sentences. The Havana people’s supreme court has so far upheld the sentences passed on seven journalists, sending a clear message that there will be no clemency.www.rsf.orgReporters Without Borders has created a page on its website (www.rsf.org) entitled “Cuba, the world’s biggest prison for journalists.” Visitors will find regularly updated information on each of the imprisoned journalists (including date of arrest, trial, conditions of detention and biographical information), international reactions to their sentences and, in general, information about news censorship in Cuba. Visitors are invited to sign a petition for their release.The independent press since the March crackdownThe magazines De Cuba and Luz Cubana (which can be downloaded from www.rsf.org) have been the first victims of the round-up of dissidents at the end of March. Published in December 2002 and February 2003, they have not survived the arrests of their respective editors, Ricardo González Alfonso and Normando Hernández, and the confiscation of the equipment needed for their production. There were the first privately-owned, independent magazines to appear in Cuba since 1959.Although the detained journalists include nine of the editors of the approximately 20 privately-owned news agencies in Cuba, the independent press has survived. But harassment of those still free has increased. Searches, police “visits” to their homes, summonses for questioning at state security centres, pressure on family members and threats of further trials make up the arsenal used by the authorities to pressure them into stopping their activity. Some 20 journalists have been targeted in this way since 1 May.The independent journalists who are still free have not been discouraged. But in the absence of clear signs of the intentions of the authorities, they are being prudent. Bylines no longer appear on articles published by the Miami-based cubanet.org website, which carries the material of some 10 independent news agencies.A new public awareness campaignMore than 120,000 French people choose Cuba as a holiday destination each year, drawn by the sun, beaches and mythical appeal of its bearded revolutionaries.-Reporters Without Borders will conduct a poster campaign from 8 to 22 July to promote awareness of the serious human rights situation in Cuba. The image used is that of the famous May 1968 poster showing a riot policeman with a truncheon in one hand and a shield in the other, but the face has been replaced by Ernesto Che Guevara’s. The caption says: “Welcome to Cuba, the world’s biggest prison for journalists.” Underneath it says: “Seventy-five dissidents, including nearly 30 journalists, were arrested at the end of March 2003 and sentenced to long prison terms. Their crime? Thinking differently from the government.” Designed by the Rampazzo agency, the poster aims to tell people that behind the myth of the Cuban revolution, which still draws many tourists, there is a totalitarian regime that uses “Che” as an icon to legitimise repression. The poster also suggests that a myth that fed the dreams of an entire generation in the 1960s has become what that generation hated: a police state. A total of 1,100 posters of 40 cm x 60 cm in size will be displayed in Paris from 8 to 22 July by the Art Vision network. October 12, 2018 Find out more June 25, 2003 – Updated on January 20, 2016 “One hundred days of solitude” CubaAmericas to go further A hundred days ago today, the Cuban government began an unprecedented round-up of dissidents. They included 26 independent journalists who joined the four journalists already imprisoned in Cuba. Three months later, Reporters Without Borders announces new initiatives to obtain the release of the 30 detained journalists. Newscenter_img News CubaAmericas May 6, 2020 Find out more “Welcome to Cuba”Have you chosen Cuba because of the charm of its population, its dreamy beaches, its rum and its fast-paced rhythms? You should know where you are going! Behind the picture postcard clichés, the sun doesn’t shine for everyone in the land of the Revolution. “Che” is nowadays just an icon used by the authorities to legitimise repression. Seventy-five dissidents, including nearly 30 journalists, were arrested at the end of March 2003 and sentenced to long prison terms. Their crime? Thinking differently from the government. As a result, Cuba has become the world’s biggest prison for journalists.These government opponents, poets, journalists and human rights activists are held in Havana, Ciego de Avila, Camagüey, Holguín and Santiago de Cuba. If you visit these towns, don’t forget those who are not enjoying the sun inside their prison cells.Find out what is going on and sign the petitions on www.rsf.org Help by sharing this information -Five thousand postcards have been printed with the same picture. They will be distributed to tourists leaving on flights for Havana. The text on the back will urge them to take an interest in the Cuba that goes deeper than “the picture postcard clichés.” -Finally, English and Spanish versions will be produced of a 35-second cinema spot warning tourists that news is censored in Cuba and that 30 journalists are in prison there. They will be screened in Spain, Canada, the United States and Latin America. The French-language version is already being screened in 400 cinema auditoriums in Paris and other major French cities thanks to the Médiavision network.Press freedom investigations:the fate of foreign correspondents and the Catholic pressThe March arrests were arrests were undoubtedly meant to serve as a reminder that, under the constitution, the state has a monopoly of news in Cuba and only the government press is permitted.So what are the conditions of work like for the foreign news correspondents present in Cuba and for the 15 or so little magazines published by the Catholic Church, which are tolerated by the authorities? Two Reporters Without Borders surveys have for the first time looked at the room for manoeuvre available to the representatives of these two “alternative” press sectors.Restrictive visa policies, forbidden topics, constant police surveillance, psychological harassment, official summonses and deportation are some of the weapons the authorities use to control the news that reaches the outside world, according to a dozen foreign journalists who have lived and worked in Cuba. In a report on their experiences called “Living under the regime’s microscope: foreign journalists in Cuba,” (see the report) one of them says the government assigns up to 30 people to watch each journalist, which inevitably leads to self-censorship and, says another reporter, allows the regime to “partly hide the extent of the repression in the country.” The Catholic press has neither the resources nor the freedom to rival the official media, says the other report, “Press freedom in Cuba: the exception of the Church.” (see the report) Few copies of its magazines are printed and technical resources are few. Except for Vitral, in Pinar del Rio, none criticise the regime openly for fear of being shut down or jeopardising the difficult relations between Church and state. The two reports, the first by Martine Jacot and the second by Christian Lionet, both of them French journalists, were written before the recent crackdown. Resident foreign journalists and the Catholic media were not targeted, but the blow to press freedom was a warning to them to temper their coverage of events in Cuba. New press freedom predators elected to UN Human Rights Council News News Follow the news on Cubalast_img read more

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Another journalist murdered in Mexico, sixth in 2019

first_img Help by sharing this information May 5, 2021 Find out more RSF_en Reporter murdered in northwestern Mexico’s Sonora state Crédit : Excélsior Televisión (Youtube) News MexicoAmericas Condemning abusesProtecting journalists DisappearancesFreedom of expressionViolence June 14, 2019 Another journalist murdered in Mexico, sixth in 2019 Mexico is ranked 144th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2019 World Press Freedom Index. Follow the news on Mexico Reports NSO Group hasn’t kept its promises on human rights, RSF and other NGOs say Organisation May 13, 2021 Find out more to go further News 2011-2020: A study of journalist murders in Latin America confirms the importance of strengthening protection policies Reporters Without Borders (RSF) calls on Mexico’s federal authorities to take urgent measures to reinforce protection for journalists after a crime reporter was murdered in the southeastern state of Tabasco on 12 June and another journalist was abducted for several hours in the neighbouring state of Veracruz the same day. Receive email alerts MexicoAmericas Condemning abusesProtecting journalists DisappearancesFreedom of expressionViolence News April 28, 2021 Find out more Crime reporter Norma Sarabia Garduza, 46, was gunned down in cold blood outside her home in the town of Huimangillo, Tabasco state, on the evening of 12 June. She was with a relative on the veranda when masked men pulled up in a car, opened fire and then drove off.Sarabia worked for many regional newspapers including Cambio de Puebla, Sol del Sureste and Tabasco Hoy, a daily for which she had been working for 20 years. She also wrote for the news website Presente.mx.Tabasco Hoy editor Héctor Tapia said she had received threats in connection with her articles. After a series of stories implicating Tabasco police officers in a kidnapping, she filed a complaint with the federal authorities against Huimangillo police chief Héctor Tapia Ortíz and deputy police chief Martín Leopoldo García de la Vega, and requested protection.The ensuing investigation was closed in 2016 without any action being taken. The Federal Mechanism for the Protection of Journalists meanwhile decided at that time that there was no need for specific protection measures for Sarabia. Ricardo Jaciel Rivera, the spokesman for the Tabasco prosecutor’s office, told RSF that the office had not received any recent complaint about threats.“In view of the possible involvement of Tabasco officials in this shocking execution-style murder, the Special Prosecutor’s Office for Crimes against Freedom of Expression (FEADLE) has grounds for taking over the investigation,” said Emmanuel Colombié, the head of RSF’s Latin America bureau. “Furthermore, given the wave of violence against the media since Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s inauguration as president, including at least eight murders of journalists, the Mexican government must take urgent measures to reinforce protection for journalists, especially in states poisoned by organized crime and corruption such as Veracruz and Tabasco.”Marco Miranda Cogco, a reporter for Notiver and Televisa and editor of the Facebook news page Noticias A Tiempo, was kidnapped by two hooded men at around 8:30 a.m. on 12 June in the city of Boca del Río, in Veracruz state, while taking his son to school. He was found at the side of a road 17 hours later, alive but bearing the marks of physical violence.While Miranda was still missing, his wife told local media that he had been threatened by Veracruz interior minister Eric Cisneros Burgos, who had offered him bribes in return for positive coverage and told him “you know what will happen to you” if he refused. Miranda had nonetheless refused, his wife said.Miranda had just published compromising information implicating Veracruz government officials. His safety and his family’s safety must be a priority for the federal and local authorities, RSF said.Sarabia was the sixth journalist to be murdered in Mexico in 2019. The other five were Francisco Romero Díaz, Telésforo Santiago Enríquez, Jesús Eugenio Ramos Rodríguez, Rafael Murúa Manríquez and Santiago Barroso. Sarabia’s murder confirms Mexico’s current status as the world’s deadliest country for the media.last_img read more

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Protesters greet Minister with calls for ‘jobs not dole’

first_imgLinkedin SOCIAL Protection Minister Joan Burton was met by protest outside the Social Welfare office on Dominic Street last week from young Limerick people calling for real jobs and an end to the JobBridge initiative.Visiting the city to open the new Intreo Centre, the Minister was met by dozens of outraged Scambridge.ie campaigners brandished signs calling for ‘jobs not dole’, and a ‘real jobs programme, not slave labour scams’.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up The Department of Social Protection has been rebranded as a “one-stop shop for jobseekers” where they can now, for the first time, get their income and employment supports in the one place.Minister Burton described Intreo as a key element of the Government’s Pathways to Work strategy to tackle unemployment.“The Government strategy is paying off – the Live Register has fallen below 400,000 and will reduce further next year. But there remains a long way to go and that is why it is crucial we offer every practical support to jobseekers. That is why Intreo Centres such as Limerick are so important.”However, Scambridge.ie activist and anti-austerity local election candidate Cian Prendiville had a very different take.“That the government is treating the opening of a dole office with fanfare and jubilation is a sign of what they have to offer for unemployed people. Their message to young people in particular is clear: work for free, or emigrate.“Well, we are here to say: We’re not slaves, and we won’t leave. We are going to stay and fight for jobs and a future,” said Mr Prendiville.As the Minister spoke of the importance of local employer support and engagement to the success of Limerick Intreo, protesters outside heckled with chants of “Labour, Labour hear our voice; Unemployment is not a lifestyle choice”.The ScamBridge.ie campaign also held another protest in the city centre unveiling a ‘Wall of Shame’ naming what they call ‘Scrooge bosses’ who they claim are “exploiting JobBridge”.“Hundreds of companies across Limerick have or are looking for workers who would get only €1.25 an hour, doing jobs from Mechanical Engineer at the University of Limerick to administrative staff at Dell.“Minister Burton and her government are not just turning a blind eye to this exploitation, they are actively encouraging it, and pushing unemployed people onto these slave labour schemes.“We’ll be out on the streets of Limerick to expose this scam, and the Scrooge bosses abusing it,” Mr Prendiville warned. Email Limerick event aims to brain-drain Dublin Fisheries Officers wanted to protect and develop fisheries resource in Limerick Twitter New Company creating 100 jobs in Limerick NewsLocal NewsProtesters greet Minister with calls for ‘jobs not dole’By Alan Jacques – December 19, 2013 921 WhatsApp Printcenter_img Previous articleGreene’s Shoes step in to save ChristmasNext articleMystery of the skinned badgers Alan Jacqueshttp://www.limerickpost.ie RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR New high-end jobs for Shannon UL Hospitals Group in recruitment call for staff in all disciplines July Jobs Stimulus package sees extension to wage subsidy scheme and pandemic unemployment payment Facebook Advertisement TAGSDepartment of Social ProtectiondoleIntreoJobsMinister Joan BurtonMusic LimerickScambridge last_img read more

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Delivery-only restaurant brands see pandemic-fueled growth

first_img WhatsApp Local NewsBusiness Pinterest Facebook Josh Phillips, the co-owner of Espita, a stylish Mexican restaurant, displays a Ghostburger at his restaurant in downtown Washington, Monday, Feb. 15, 2021. Phillips opened a delivery-only brand called Ghostburger in August to keep Espita’s kitchen running through the winter. He chose burgers because he wanted to reach new customers at a lower price point than Espita. It’s been so successful that Phillips is now scouting for locations for standalone Ghostburger restaurants. Facebook Previous articleRealizeit Wins Two Brandon Hall Group Excellence in Technology AwardsNext articleStocks trim some of their recent gains, hold near records Digital AIM Web Support By Digital AIM Web Support – February 17, 2021 center_img TAGS  WhatsApp Pinterest Delivery-only restaurant brands see pandemic-fueled growth Twitter Twitterlast_img read more

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TxDOT to hold public meeting for Loop 250 project

first_img Twitter TxDOT to hold public meeting for Loop 250 project By Digital AIM Web Support – February 24, 2021 WhatsApp Twitter Facebook Facebook Previous articleConferenceNext articleHow Women Can Make Changes for Their Health and the Environment Digital AIM Web Supportcenter_img Pinterest Pinterest WhatsApp TAGS  TxDOT and Cone logos The Texas Department of Transportation is hosting a public meeting about the proposed construction project on Northeast Loop 250 in Midland County. The meeting will take place from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. Tuesday at the Sibley Nature Center located at 1307 E. Wadley Ave., in Midland. There will be an open house at 5 p.m. and brief presentation scheduled for 6 p.m. and question-and-answer session following. The project would build main lanes on Loop 250 and also build an overpass at the intersection with County Road 1140, a TxDOT press release stated. There would be two crossover closings necessary to do the project with one at County Road 1135 and the other at an unnamed road west of County Road 1140. There will be maps of the project area and other displays for public review and comment, the release detailed. TxDOT staff will also be available to answer questions. Residents can give verbal and written comments regarding the project, the release stated. Written comments can be submitted either at the public meeting or in writing within 15 days of the public meeting and must be postmarked by June 26 to be included as part of the official public record. Local Newslast_img read more

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“My Dear Fellow, The Case Is Tomorrow! Your Counsel Has Not Read The Brief” – The Story Of Bhulabhai Desai, The Lawyer Who Argued India Her Freedom

first_imgColumns”My Dear Fellow, The Case Is Tomorrow! Your Counsel Has Not Read The Brief” – The Story Of Bhulabhai Desai, The Lawyer Who Argued India Her Freedom Sanjoy Ghose20 Aug 2020 8:52 PMShare This – x”And it will be a travesty of justice if we were to be told as a result of any decision arrived at here or otherwise, that the Indian may go as a soldier and fight for the freedom of England against Germany, for England against Italy, for England against Japan, and yet a stage may not be reached when a free Indian State may not wish to free itself from any country, including…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login”And it will be a travesty of justice if we were to be told as a result of any decision arrived at here or otherwise, that the Indian may go as a soldier and fight for the freedom of England against Germany, for England against Italy, for England against Japan, and yet a stage may not be reached when a free Indian State may not wish to free itself from any country, including England itself.” It was a show case trial and the packed room hung on to every word this Gujarati lawyer uttered for from his mouth sprung the defence of an entire nation desperate for freedom and anguished at her heroes being humiliated. The lawyer knew it was a lost cause even before he began his ten hour long non-stop arguments. However, he was conscious that his defence of the selected three accused, one from each of the three principal communities, was vital for history. Yet when Jivanji Desai, a modest Government pleader from Valsad, Gujarat, was informed on October 13, 1877, that his unschooled wife Ramabai had been blessed with a son, in his wildest of imagination he could not have thought that he had fathered the lawyer who would argue India her freedom. Bhulabhai would be the only child, a rarity in those days and thoroughly pampered. It was his maternal uncle who took over the task to school his nephew. Bhulabhai studied at Avabai School in Valsad until he shifted to Bombay. He matriculated in 1895 from Bharada High School standing first. It was Elphinstone College that shaped the boy from the hinterland into a fine young man who loved English literature and poetry. Perhaps English was his first love as he secured a Masters in English from the Bombay University and even got himself a professor’s job in the Gujarat College, Ahmedabad where he taught English and History. Desai would have remained an avuncular teacher hidden away in some college had he not also studied law on the side. He did not forget to marry as he was studying. Sadly, while Ichhhaben gave him a son, Dhirubhai, she could not give him company as cancer took her away in 1923. By this time Desai had already made his mark in the Bombay High Court which in those days had deep distinctions between English and Indian lawyers. Remember, this is the Court which, when it finally opened her doors to Cornelia Sorabjee, suffocated her by denying cases as she was not only Indian but also a woman. Desai had better luck. He was enrolled as an advocate in 1905 chucking his teaching job and, in two decades, Bhulabhai had an all India fan following being a much sought after counsel from Calcutta to Lahore. What helped was that at that time Lawrence Jenkins was the Chief Justice of the Court and he had taken steps towards “indianising” the courts. PB Vaccha feels Desai’s rise could also be credited to the gradual disappearance of European barristers like Scot, Lowndes and Raikes.[1] In fact, on one occasion, Desai had been briefed in all the 21 Chamber Summonses which constituted the board of the Chamber Judge. Daily Desai would be briefed in 20 to 40 matters. He was a member of the quartette which included the fabled Chimanlal Setalvad, Kanga and Taraporwala. In fact, son M C Setalvad would go on to pen a book on Desai. In his book Setalvad recalls that “a remarkable quality which undoubtedly stood him in very good stead at the Bar in latter years was a trained memory which enabled him to conduct even complicated matters in court without a note.” It seems this habit Desai picked up when a senior at the bar, on seeing him diligently making notes in the library, took away the notes and tore them up. Young Desai was duly admonished never to get into the habit of making notes. Setalvad’s book on Desai is freely downloadable and highly recommended. He cites KM Munshi, MV Desai and HJ Kania as some of the juniors of Desai who would themselves go on to achieve fame and glory! In Desai’s early days Indian lawyers would wear a turban to court, unlike their European counterparts. Desai wore a flaming red one. Setalvad writes about how once, when the great lawyer had taken off his headgear in the bar room, for a wash during the lunch break, Chimanlal Setalvad pranked him by running away with Desai’s turban. Bhulabhai was on his legs before Mr Justice Marten and failing to find his turban, in distress, he rushed to Marten’s chambers and apprised him of his calamity. Marten relented and the case was adjourned! On one occasion, recalls Vaccha, Desai was irritated with the slow pace of Chief Justice Macleod who was hearing original appeals. Not surprisingly Desai had been briefed in almost all of them, 10 paperbooks having been read overnight, when the Court took up the 11th appeal at 4-30 pm, Bhulabhai finally protested. Fali Nariman has an interesting Desai anecdote to share. In a heavy testamentary suit, BP Khaitan had briefed Desai and the client insisted that he accompany him to Bombay for every conference with Desai. Desai was a busy counsel and they had to go a full month in advance. Every day for Desai was able to spare only about 30 minutes for the case and Khaitan found himself having to constantly remind Desai of the facts. On the eve of the hearing, the exasperated Marwari solicitor told his client “My dear fellow, the case is tomorrow! We have done all we can, but fate is against you. Your counsel has not read the brief and all you can do is go to the Mahalaxmi Temple and pray that some miracle happens”. The next day, Khaitan’s jaw dropped when Desai stood up and masterfully argued the case without even touching the 2000 page brief![2] It was an era when the stars of the Bar peopled and directed the freedom struggle. Bhulabhai too found himself drawn in by Annie Besant’s Home Rule League. Desai even went on to join the Liberal Party. It was a satyagraha by the farmers of Gujarat, known as the Bardoli Satyagraha, that brought Desai in contact with another Gujarati. The struggle for “No-Tax” had been led by Sardar Patel with the Mahatma’s blessings. In the inquiry that followed Bapu was clear that only the best lawyer should represent the farmers and the natural choice was Desai. Desai’s masterful presentation of the farmers’ perspective led to the Government to revise the revenue, return the confiscated lands and release the peasants from prison. Desai became a legend. Bhulabhai Desai now joined the Congress in 1930. He was so taken in by Gandhiji’s swadeshi that the suave advocate formed the Swadeshi Sabha and persuaded 80 textile mills to join in the boycott of British goods. The British resented the Sabha’s interventions and Desai was arrested in 1932. From prison he wrote to his son “In the outer world my spirits were maintained high, whereas in prison, there is the stagnant routine and the blank facing of the dead walls.” Desai frequently fell ill and was released on health grounds. He had piled up an enviable library in jail. Back after recuperating in Europe, at Sardar Patel’s insistence, Desai was included in the Congress Working Committee. When the 1935 Government of India Act was enacted, Desai advocated Congress’ participation. He was even elected to the Central Legislative Assembly from Gujrat. When Hitler attacked Poland, Britain was at War. She also wanted to unilaterally declare war on behalf of India. On November 19, 1940, in the Central Assembly, Desai thundered, “unless it is India’s war, it is impossible that you will get India’s support”. Soon enough Desai found himself in Yeravada Jail under the Defence of India Act. However, his release on health grounds in September 1941 is historically significant. Remember that the Congress’ Quit India Movement, resignation from provincial ministers and obtuse approach to the Imperial Government around this time proved fatal for a united India. The resignation of the Congress Ministries coupled with the Congress left rudderless with key leaders in jail, enabled the Muslim League, which had been battered in the previous elections, to recoup and grow from strength to strength with the Imperial Government’s patronage. While his release put Desai in a vital position to negotiate the terms of future co-operation with Liaquat Ali Khan, Quaid-e-azam Jinnah’s deputy, it also exposed him to the charge of taking an easy exit out of incarceration while other leaders languished in prison. This charge stuck to Desai as his name did not even make its way to the list of persons nominated by the Congress Party for the Constituent Assembly.[3] The Desai-Liaqat Pact, under which Desai and Jinnah would form a coalition government based on Congress-League parity, [4]sadly was stillborn when Jinnah made a public statement disclaiming any knowledge. While there were whispers that Desai had acted with Bapu’s tacit blessings, both the Congress and the League competed with each other to disown the efforts. Desai was left out in the cold being accused of “by-passing” and “stabbing in the back” the Congress Working Committee. However, Bhulabhai Desai’s tale was not over, he was disappointed and down but not out. At the September 1945 session of the All India Congress Committee Nehru, sensing the groundswell of public support for Netaji’s INA soldiers who were to be tried for treason by the British Government, announced a Defence Committee headed by Desai. Desai, already shaken by the Desai-Liaqat Pact fiasco, was a shaken man and his health was also failing. The Defence Committee appealed the Viceroy for extension of time which was promptly denied. On November 5, 1945, inside Delhi’s Red Fort, the famous INA trials began. In the dock charged with treason were Shahnawaz Khan, Prem Sahgal and Gurbaksh Dhillon. The three had deserted their uniform and responded to Netaji’s call “Dilli Chalo”. Now they were in the heart of Delhi, not in the manner Subhash would have wanted them to be. They were prisoners being tried by a military court comprising three senior British Army Officers. The only redeeming feature was that their Chief Defence Counsel was Bhulabhai Desai, assisted by Tej Bahadur Sapru, Jawaharlal Nehru and DR KN Katju. The entire cross-examination of the witnesses had been undertaken by Desai. Setalvad writes how Desai was most ethical in the manner in which he went about it. He cites the example of Captain Dhargalkar. Someone told Desai that the witness was not on close terms with his father and that a mention of the father would unnerve this witness. “That is not fair”, said Bhulabhai, “I will not use this foul trick”. The next day he demolished the witness nonetheless with his forensic skills. Desai’s photographic memory was also in exhibition in this trial. While cross examining a subedar, Desai put to him something which he had said in response to the chief conducted by the Advocate-General. The AG objected to the President contending that this was untrue. “There is something like a record kept in this Court”, said a confident Desai, “I suggest we look at the record”. Sure enough the record bore Desai out. Bhulabhai’s health steadily deteriorated during the trial and his doctors one evening observing his swollen legs and fatigue, advised him complete rest. Bhulabhai cited his duty and finally at Katju’s instance agreed to a compromise. Katju would conduct the day’s proceedings, he would be in the complex ready and available for any emergency. Desai would go on to argue for over two days in ten uninterrupted hours, without recourse to any notes or aide, that the Trial could not proceed under British Municipal Law as it had international public law ramifications. Desai would point out that the Indian National Army was a properly constituted, self-governing army with is own code, ranks, uniform and regalia. It was not the Japanese army’s fifth column peopled with treasonous deserters from the British Army as the prosecution would like the Court to believe. Cleverly spinning the treason charge, Desai metamorphosed three army deserters as the symbols of an enslaved nation fighting a just war of liberation! Effectively he put the whole country on trial and colonialism in the dock. The Masters knew they had been checkmated. Desai reminded the Court of Shah Nawaz Khan’s searing testimony on when forced to choose between King and Country, “I decided to be loyal to my country”. Despite Desai’s passionate defence, the court found the three guilty of treason on December 31, 1945. However, the colonial masters had sensed the national mood and the ground swell of popular support for the INA prisoners. Secret reports suggested that an unfavourable punishment would cause people to rise up in revolt and the government would not have any of that. The convicts were spared the gallows but were summarily dismissed from service and ordered to forfeit all their pay and allowances and sentenced to Kalapani (transportation to the Andaman Cellular Jail for life). Rinchen Norbu Wangchuk writes, “But what Desai offered was a remarkable defence with forensic precision, which had a profound impact on the sentence and more importantly, the freedom struggle. This trial and the subsequent public outrage was the proverbial straw that broke the camel’s back of colonial rule in India. And standing at the forefront was Bhulabhai Desai.”[5] Desai returned to warmer Bombay to a rockstar’s welcome! However, the Man who argued India her Freedom sadly did not live to see a Free India. He died on May, 6, 1946. That very year another son of Bombay would launch his Direct Action Plan that would shatter Desai’s India. Desai’s memory today stands reduced to a road that leads you to the Breach Candy Club or to the Mahalaxmi Temple. Even now some old timers prefer to call it Warden Road. It is time to restore to this forgotten great lawyer and freedom fighter the place he deserves among the pantheon of the other great members of the Bar who won India her freedom! [6] Views are personal only.(Author is a practising Lawyer at the Supreme Court of India) [1] PB Vachha’s Famous Judges, Lawyers and Cases of Bombay, Universal Law Publishing Co, 1962. [2] Fali Nariman, “Before Memory Fades: An autobiography”. [3] Syed Saad Ahmed, [email protected]:Bhulabhai Desai, Gandhi’s Trusted Legal Lieutenant”, 7.10.2019, Outlook. [4] VP Menon, Transfer of Power. [5] Rinchen Norbu Wanhchuk, “Greatest Legal Argument Delivered in India”, thebetterindia.com., 30.01.2020. [6] Srinath Rao, “Bhulabhai Desai Road: In memory of Congress lawyer who defended the INA’s soldiers”, 20.08.20, The Indian Express. Next Storylast_img read more

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Supreme Court Dismisses Judicial Officer’s Petition Alleging Unprofessional Activities By Top Court’s Registry

first_imgTop StoriesSupreme Court Dismisses Judicial Officer’s Petition Alleging Unprofessional Activities By Top Court’s Registry Sanya Talwar13 Dec 2020 11:31 PMShare This – xThe Supreme Court on Monday dismissed a petition by a Judicial Officer of Maharashtra alleging unprofessional activities of it’s Registry in terms of unequal treatment to him as well as the common man in terms of listings as well as pointing unnecessary defects.A bench of Chief Justice SA Bobde, Justices AS Bopanna & V. Ramasubramaniun refused to entertain the petition.The Judicial…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court on Monday dismissed a petition by a Judicial Officer of Maharashtra alleging unprofessional activities of it’s Registry in terms of unequal treatment to him as well as the common man in terms of listings as well as pointing unnecessary defects.A bench of Chief Justice SA Bobde, Justices AS Bopanna & V. Ramasubramaniun refused to entertain the petition.The Judicial Magistrate Syedullah Khaleelullah Khan has narrated the alleged unequal treatment by the Registry stated that he had filed a writ petition in February 2016 in order to reconsider a judgment titled All India Judges Association Vs. Union of India & Ors (2002) 4 SCC 247 & amend the Maharashtra Judicial Service Rules, 2008.Notice was issued on the petition and it was tagged with similar petitions, after which it was dismissed on February 19, 2020, the review to which was dismissed on August 5. The petitioner states that he then filed a Curative Petition through e-filing and 9 defects were pointed out by the Registry, which were cured on the same day. It is stated that even after removing defects and constantly reaching out to the Registry regarding the registration of his petition, the same was not done.In this context, it is averred:”On 17.10.2020, Section X has informed the petitioner by an E-mail vide PID: 103773/2020 that he has removed some defects by filing documents on 03.10.2020. It has stated to the petitioner that he has given Explanation for not removing defect Nos.3 & 4 but the petitioner was informed to remove the following defects ―1. Certificate of Senior Advocate is required to be filed.2. Certificate by Petitioner in person is also required to be filed.3. Refiled Curative petition and application is unsigned.”It has been alleged that acts of the Registry in relation to the Curative Petition of the petitioner are discriminatory, irrational and unreasonable. Registry has deliberately not scrutinized the Curative Petition of the petitioner for 22 days. Such act of the Registry is discriminatory and thus illegal, it is averred.The plea has also laid down a table stipulating 19 petitions of which defects were cured and they were listed by the Registry.”Petitioner most humbly submits that he has felt that it is his bounden duty to bring the ground reality to the notice of the Honorable Court so that the corrective action and measures are taken to avoid repetition of unequal treatment to the seekers of JUSTICE which results in violation of ARTICLE 14 of the Constitution of India”- Plea in SCThe Judicial Officer states that conduct of the Registry should be such that there shall not be any room for suspicion. “Unfortunately, such is not the case. Someone has said that Words may lie but Actions will always tell the Truth. History shows that not only the Litigants and Lawyers have questioned the Registry but at times this Hon’ble Court has pulled up the Registry for its omission(s) and commission(s). Same has been reported by Online Law Journals from time to time,” it is added.Further the Petitioner seeks striking down of the requirement of filing CERTIFICATE issued by a designated Senior Advocate. He has stated that this practice has only increased the costs of litigation. “A study of the fate of the Curative Petitions filed in this Hon’ble Court along with such certificate would show that it has become empty formality” and that “the time has come to have a fresh look and to reconsider the requirement of filing such certificate along with the Curative Petition”.Additionally, the plea seeks issuance of appropriate directions for taking action against erring officers for allegedly giving unequal treatment to the equals and for the violation of Article 14 of the Constitution of India.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

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